Colorado has many addiction centers offering help to addicts of various substances. Some of these substances include: stimulant drugs such as crack cocaine, Ritalin, nicotine, caffeine, crystal meth etc, depressants such as alcohol, Suboxone, morphine heroin, oxycodone, Opana etc., and hallucinogens such as Marijuana and LSD.
Drugs are chemical substances which change the chemical composition of body’s cells and in effect affect their functioning. Different drugs affect the brain and body differently. Some slow them (depressants), others speed up central nervous system and brain functions (drugs called stimulants) and others yet alter distort thought processes (drugs called hallucinogens).
Drug use and abuse
Some drugs are meant for treating some diseases and such drugs are called prescription medications or drugs. They are prescribed by qualified medical staff with usage instructions. Any use of theses drugs for reasons other than treating the intended ailments or without following intake instructions completely is abuse.
Other drugs such as alcohol, cigarettes, heroin, etc. are mainly recreational drugs – for leisure only. Any excessive use of these drugs is abuse.
Drug use and abuse increases tolerance for the drug and this can easily result in physical dependence and addiction. Addiction keeps the addicts hooked on the drug because it is a perpetual compulsion for the drug and absence of the drug causes withdrawal symptoms (some which can be only mild discomfort while other can be fatal to one’s mental and physical health).
Addiction to any drug, regardless of which class it belongs, has many negative impacts on the individual and society in general. It results in physical and mental suffering of the addict as well as social and financial suffering of their loved ones, not to mention the stigma.
To curb addiction and help people out of this mess, the government in Colorado as well as private institutions, have set up fully equipped centers; from where people can be treated. Any addiction is treated through comprehensive programs which include physical detoxification and counseling/ therapy.
Detoxification is the physical process of stopping further intake of the drug and treating any resulting withdrawals with another drug with the ultimate goal of naturally removing all the drug residue in the body. It is recommended that all drug withdrawal, during detoxification, be done gradually because an abrupt withdrawal may trigger very nasty withdrawal symptoms; which may be fatal to the body and brain.
The other advantages of gradual withdrawal carried out in a center or at home (under the supervision of qualified detox personnel) ensures that withdrawal symptoms are monitored closely and an appropriate intervention is put in place on time. The intensity and variety of withdrawal symptoms determine which medication will be chosen for addiction treatment when needed and for how long.
Therapy or counseling is very important during drug addiction treatment; as it helps the patients endure the withdrawal symptoms as well as keep off the drug once they have successfully gone through the detox process. This helps them avoid relapse. Therapy is usually done on a one-on-one basis and also in groups.