In Georgia, substance abuse has one of the most disturbing sets of statistics. Substance abuse is a common phrase used for drug abuse; which is uncontrolled intake of drugs resulting in a lot of harm to the individuals abusing the drugs as well as others.
Drugs and drug abuse
Drugs are chemical substances which alter the chemical composition of cells in the body and mind and alter their functioning. Drugs abused can be prescription medication (used for their medicinal value to treat diseases) or recreational drugs – drugs which include some legalized substances such as: alcohol and cigarettes and also some hard illegal drugs such as: heroine, crack cocaine etc
Prescription drugs are given to patients by qualified medical practitioners with usage instructions and any intake of these drugs against the instructions is abuse. Drug abuse for recreational drugs (which do not have any intake instructions), can be defined as the unregulated and extreme intake of these substances, which in turn harms the body and mind.
Both prescription and recreational drugs are abused and their prolonged abuse can increase one’s tolerance and even cause addiction. Alcohol is mostly and widely abused across Georgia because its possession and use (for adults) is legal and there is no restriction on how much one can take. The only prohibition concerning alcohol intake is driving or the operation of machines while under its influence; but that is as far as it goes. Many people drink it to drown their problems – because alcohol numbs pain and reduces the mind’s functioning (a characteristic possessed by all depressant drugs).
The extreme abuse of alcohol eventually causes alcohol addiction (called alcoholism) and keeps the person hooked on it because any attempt to withdraw from it triggers withdrawal symptoms (headaches and other uncomfortable symptoms, some that are danerous).
Alcoholism treatment facility in Georgia
There are many alcohol addiction treatment centers in Georgia which provide treatment for alcohol addiction. Some are government funded with free treatment services while others are private and charge fees for treatment. One can also choose to be treated at home or at a treatment facility.
Alcoholism treatment comprises of physical detoxification and counseling.
Physical detoxification or detox is done to cleanse the body of alcohol and this is done by reducing the alcohol intake gradually until it is done completely and treating the resultant withdrawals with a medication that can mange them when necessary. The process of alcohol withdrawal and treatment should be done under the supervision of qualified detox personnel to avoid the withdrawals and to ensure they are handled appropriately and on time. The choice of the treatment medication should be made wisely.
Counseling or therapy is a very important pillar during alcoholism treatment. It is done:
When the alcoholic is enrolling for the treatment program so that the substance abuse counselor can explain to the addict what happens during treatment. It also serves as the point at which the counselor identifies the needs of the alcoholic (both psychological and physical); which will need to be addressed during treatment
During the actual medical treatment/ detoxification to help the addict come to terms with what is happening to their mind and body and hence learn how to deal with the withdrawals and other changes. Counseling at this point also serves as a form of monitoring which helps the counselor determine the progress of treatment after detox to help the addict keep off the drug to avoid relapse. It can be done on a one-on-one basis or in a group